Cause and effect essay

How to write a Cause and Effect Essay: Definition, Topics & Examples

Writing a cause-and-effect essay isn’t as hard as it sounds.

The basic idea is that you start with the first event and then show how it caused the next event.

All you need to do is give some basic background information, write about the events in chronological order, and end with an explanation of how one event led to another.

Read on for more detailed tips on writing a cause-and-effect essay.

How to write a Cause and Effect Essay: Definition, Topics & Examples

Cause and Effect Essay Definition

A cause-and-effect essay outlines an occurrence and explains the reasons it happened or the effects it caused.

cause and effect essay topics

This type of essay may not only explain why something occurred but also how to avoid similar situations in the future or how to make things better when they have gone wrong.

Because each topic could take you many pages to discuss, writing a cause and effect essay requires that you carefully choose your research topic and narrow your focus so you can give your readers enough information without overwhelming them with details they aren’t interested in learning about.

What is the purpose of using cause and effect?

The cause-and-effect essay is commonly used in scientific papers where you’re required to detail how one occurrence led to another.

In order for your reader to better understand how one thing leads to another, use transition words such as since or because so that they can clearly see what caused something else to happen.

The cause-and-effect approach is also ideal for explaining how two different aspects of a particular issue are related.

For example, if you were analyzing the issue of air pollution and its connection to greenhouse gases, you might want to explore both the causes and consequences associated with these environmental factors.

You might begin by talking about how natural sources like volcanoes release greenhouse gases into the atmosphere, which affects climate change patterns like global warming, which in turn causes air pollution levels to rise due to warmer temperatures that lead to increased emissions from cars, factories, and power plants.

By using cause and effect in this way, you would be able to describe the research problem statement from multiple angles.

It’s important to keep in mind that there will always be two sides to every story, which means there will always be two types of causes and effects.

In the above example, the key part of the discussion is discussing the relationship between air pollution and greenhouse gases.

How to write a Cause and Effect Essay

The process of writing a cause and effect essay starts by researching and choosing an appropriate topic.

Once you’ve chosen a topic, think about the questions you want to answer.

Start by looking at the main cause (the event that triggered everything).

Then look at all of the different effects (everything that followed after) and figure out which ones are most interesting or relevant to your audience.

Create a Cause and Effect Essay Outline

An essay outline is an easy way to keep your ideas in order.

Because cause and effect essays often deal with lots of facts, data, and other pieces of information, it can be helpful to use an outline when writing your paper.

However, it’s important that you don’t try and fit everything you know into your outline or it may become too detailed.

The best outline has just enough detail so that you don’t lose track of where you’re going.

Some people prefer to plan out their essays before they even start writing, while others prefer to go with the flow and add new points whenever inspiration strikes.

The best advice is to try a few different approaches and find the method that works best for you.

Here is an example outline for a cause-and-effect essay :


Body paragraphs

       Approach 1
          Cause 1
          Cause 2
          Effect 1
          Effect 2

     Approach 2
         Cause 1
         Effect 1
         Cause 2
         Effect 2

   Approach 3
         Cause & Effect 1
         Cause & Effect 2
         Cause & Effect 3


How to Write a cause and effect introduction

In a cause and effect essay, the purpose is to determine the cause of certain events or behaviors – why they happen – and the effects that result from them.

The introduction to this type of essay usually begins with a general overview of the main points that will be addressed in the when you transtion to body paragraphs.

It is important to provide enough background information so that the reader can understand the context in which the event or behavior occurred.

Most cause and effect essay introduction paragraphs start stating the general topic that will be discussed and then mention how it relates to other topics.

This is followed by a brief explanation of the event or behavior’s possible causes and some of its possible effects.

The thesis statement is the last sentence of the introduction paragraph. It states what was just mentioned in the previous sentence, only more emphatically.

How to write a cause and effect essay

Here is an example introduction for cause and effect essay about cyberbullying:

Cyberbullying is becoming more prevalent in today’s society as social media becomes more popular. People from all walks of life are joining social networks to connect with others on similar interests. The positive aspects include helping people find others with similar interests for friendships, business connections or even romantic relationships. Cyberbullying arises when one person intentionally posts hurtful messages, videos or images intended to embarrass, shame or anger another person. Bullies use texts, emails and social networking sites such as Facebook and Twitter to attack their victims anonymously. Victims have difficulty knowing who their bullies are because of these features. There are many reasons why someone might become a bully including being teased themselves; having low self-esteem; having been bullied themselves; wanting attention from others; wanting revenge on someone else. Essentially, cyberbullies are usually trying to take out their own frustrations or problems on someone else.

How to Write a cause an effect essay Thesis statement

The thesis statement of a cause and effect essay is the sentence that makes the assertion that one event causes another. It should follow this format: The reason for X happening was Y.

A good thesis statement will include enough information about both events so that it can be agreed with or disagreed with.

For example, you could say that John’s car breaking down caused him to be late for work; or you could say his being late caused his car to break down.

Whichever is true, it doesn’t matter which side of the relationship between the two events you choose because as long as there’s a relationship, your reader will know what your paper is about.

One thing to keep in mind is that cause isn’t always the first word in the sentence, nor does it have to be followed by effect.

For example, John’s tardiness caused him to break down would still be a perfectly valid use of the above words.

How to write Cause and Effect Essay Body Paragraphs

Body paragraphs are the foundation of your essay.

In a cause and effect essay, body paragraphs may be presented in chronological order or in a pattern that illustrates the sequence of events.

Here is a standard format for writing body paragraphs:

  • The first sentence should identify the problem or event.
  • The second sentence should state what caused it, and then provide evidence for how it happened.
  • The third sentence should present the consequences and finally end with an explanation for why this is an important issue for society as a whole.

The key point about body paragraphs for a cause and effect essay is that each paragraph needs to focus on one aspect of the topic.

For example, if you were describing a recent change in technology’s impact on education (such as online courses), you might have three body paragraphs discussing how the change has impacted students, teachers, and the economy respectively.

Here are more tips to help you write cause and effect body paragraphs:

  • Every sentence should contribute to your argument.
  • Each sentence in a body paragraph should expand on one or more of these three points: 1) The problem or event. 2) What caused it? 3) The consequences?
  • If you are using evidence, each piece of evidence should add credibility to your claim.
  • It is also helpful to include examples so readers can see the larger implications of your claims.
  • Avoid making generalizations- Instead, use specific statistics when possible. You want your reader to understand exactly what changes have been made and why they matter.
  • Often, the best way to do this is by providing concrete examples of what is happening because it helps people put themselves in someone else’s shoes.

How to write the Conclusion of a Cause and Effect essay

The cause-and-effect concluding paragraph is where you show the reader how your essay has improved their understanding of the subject.

It is also where you remind them of what you have discussed in the previous paragraphs.

You can write it as a summary of your key points or it can be more personal in nature.

Remember a cause-and-effect essay is not just about stating a cause and then an effect; it’s about providing sufficient evidence to back up your claim.

Therefore, the conclusion should discuss the ideas that were introduced in the body of the essay, such as how they were supported by research or data.

In this way, readers will see that there was a logical progression from the introduction to the conclusion and will feel satisfied with your argument.

Avoid introducing new causes or effects in the conclusion, instead offer a sense of closure so readers know that you are done exploring the topic and all questions have been answered. Recommendations are also useful for concluding a cause-and-effect essay.

For example, if you’re discussing air pollution and how it affects lung health, then you might conclude by mentioning some of the ways that people can reduce air pollution (e.g., driving less).

Another option would be to recommend further reading on the topic for interested readers who want to learn more about it.

If you do choose to include recommendations at the end of your essay, make sure that these suggestions are backed up by textual evidence.

That way, readers won’t think you’re trying to persuade them into doing something without any support.

Cause and Effect Essay Topics

Choosing a suitable topic for a cause-and-effect essay is essential because it needs to be something that is plausible.

The content should not be too complex or difficult because the purpose of this type of essay is to give an explanation of the relationship between two things.

A good way to find an idea for your cause and effect essay topic is by brainstorming with classmates.

Ask questions like what are some causes and effects in life? What are some good examples? What are some bad examples?

The more you ask questions, the more ideas you will have on hand.

Winning cause-and-effect essay topics typically involve significant events such as inventions, disasters, elections, wars, etc.

A good example would be the invention of the internet. It was created to provide information faster than other mediums but now people spend most of their time online.

They use it for research, communication, entertainment, shopping, working from home, and other purposes.

Another example would be the development of nuclear power plants.

It provides energy without producing greenhouse gases which contribute to global warming.

However, there is always a chance of radioactive contamination in case of an accident at these facilities.

Here are more examples of cause-and-effect essay topics :

Nursing cause and effect essay topics

  • What effects does nursing have on society?
  •  What has spurred changes in the nursing profession over the last 50 years?
  • How is nursing changing due to advancements in technology?
  • Have there been any setbacks as a result of political/economic pressures?
  • Does nursing help or hinder society’s goals for providing healthcare for all people regardless of race, ethnicity, sex, income level, etc?
  •  Is the future promising for nurses given current and projected demographic trends (increase in the number of the elderly population)?
  • What impact has nursing had on the field of medicine?
  • Are we likely to see another boom in demand for registered nurses soon?
  • What are some drawbacks associated with being a nurse right now?
  • What causes nurse burnout?

Education cause and effect paper topics

  • What are some possible solutions to prevent teacher burnout?
  • What are some benefits of becoming a teacher?
  • What causes teacher burnout?
  • How can teachers become more motivated?
  •  Why are teachers leaving the profession?
  • What can schools do to keep teachers engaged and interested in teaching?
  • Can anyone succeed as a teacher, no matter their background or qualifications?
  •  What are the causes and effects of parental involvement in children’s education?
  • How much influence do parents have on their child’s academic success?
  • Why does parental involvement in children’s education vary so much depending on the family?
  •  What factors affect a student’s achievement levels?
  •  Is there a correlation between parental involvement and achievement levels?
  • Do some students perform better academically even when they come from disadvantaged backgrounds?
  • Why are certain families less involved in their child’s schooling process than others?
  • Which is more important–parental participation or student engagement–in determining academic performance levels among school-aged kids?

Law Cause and effect topics

  • What causes a person to commit a crime?
  • What are the different types of crimes?
  • What causes legal systems to change?
  • What are the pros and cons of the death penalty?
  •  What is a wrongful conviction?
  • What are some ways to reduce wrongful convictions?
  • Should an innocent man go free if it means letting a guilty man go free too?
  • s it fair that innocent defendants might be convicted because prosecutors lack sufficient evidence to prove guilt beyond a reasonable doubt?
  • What legal impacts would repealing Obamacare have on our society?
  • Does the law have an objective view of what is right and wrong?
  • Can morality exist without the law?
  • Why are lawyers sometimes accused of breaking the rules in order to win cases?
  • Are lawyers necessary in today’s world?
  • Do laws protect or limit people’s rights?
  • Do laws really protect us from harm?
  • Is it a violation of civil liberties to criminalize victimless crimes like prostitution and drug use?

Psychology Cause and Effect Topics

  • What causes people to get addicted?
  • What effects does addiction have on the addict?
  • What causes psychological problems in the first place?
  • What are some of the symptoms of mental illness?
  • What are some different types of mental illnesses?
  • How do psychologists affect a patient’s thoughts, feelings, and behaviors?
  • What are some of the causes of depression?
  • What is the relationship between feeling sad and feeling depressed?
  • What causes personality disorders?
  • Why are some people in the medical field or psychology frustrated?

Cause and Effect Essay Examples to Help You Write Better Papers

You might hear people say that cause-and-effect essay examples are all the same, but this is only partially true.

Each one you come across will have its own unique spin, depending on what the writer wants to emphasize and how they want to demonstrate it to their audience.

As you learn more about the structure of these essays, you’ll be able to tailor your own papers to meet the needs of any assignment you come across, regardless of where or how you found it!

Here are examples of different types of cause-and-effect essays to help you understand exactly what a good paper looks like.

Cause and effect essay example on smoking

The following example of a cause-and-effect essay on smoking is written by a student who has chosen to discuss why people start smoking, as well as some of its effects. The essay adheres to the MLA format for cause-and-effect. 

Smoking is an addiction that a lot of people have. The nicotine in cigarettes has a strong effect on one’s body, making it hard for them to quit smoking once they start. Many people start smoking when they are teenagers because their friends are doing it, or because they see their parents doing it. But these people don’t realize what they are getting themselves into at first. Once you smoke your first cigarette, there is no going back. There is no way to stop yourself from continuing with it. It becomes a part of your life, whether you like it or not. There are many causes of why people continue smoking even though they know how bad it can be for them.

The most prominent cause is peer pressure. Many teenagers start smoking because their friends are doing it, or because they see their parents doing it. They want to be just like them, so they start smoking as well. They don’t realize that once they start smoking, it is very hard for them to stop. Once you smoke your first cigarette, there is no going back. There is no way to stop yourself from continuing with it. It becomes a part of your life, whether you like it or not. Peer pressure is one of many causes why people continue smoking even though they know how bad it can be for them (Khan 177). Another reason why people continue smoking is that they think it makes them look cool. In reality, nobody likes smokers except other smokers. Nobody wants to hang out with someone who smells like an ashtray all day long and has yellow teeth and fingers due to years of nicotine consumption. Another reason why people continue smoking is that they think it makes them look cool. In reality, nobody likes smokers except other smokers. Nobody wants to hang out with someone who smells like an ashtray all day long and has yellow teeth and fingers due to years of nicotine consumption.

The other well-known cause of why people start smoking is stress relief. People smoke when they are stressed, nervous, or scared. Smoking calms them down. They think it makes them look more sophisticated, but in reality, it makes them look like a fool who can’t handle or their problems without nicotine. According to previous research stress relief due to smoking is only temporary. After you finish your cigarette you will feel even worse than before because you know that you have just spent money on something that did not help you at all. This can be explained from a biological perspective as well (Khan 180). Basically, a person smokes their body releases dopamine into their brain which then creates a feeling of euphoria. After you finish your cigarette, there is no such feeling left.

The effects of smoking are many including increased risk for heart attacks and strokes. Smoking also causes lung cancer, which is one of the most common causes of death in America. Not only does it cause lung cancer, but it also greatly increases a person’s chances for getting bronchitis or emphysema as well. Smokers have higher risks than non-smokers when it comes to developing any type of respiratory illness, including pneumonia and tuberculosis. Smoking can also lead to problems with bones because smokers have lower bone density than non-smokers. In fact, women who smoke before they turn 18 years old will lose an average of 3% of their total bone mass by age 50. This makes them much more likely to develop osteoporosis (brittle bones) later on in life (Gallucci et al. 3866). They are also at higher risk for hip fractures once they reach old age. These are just some of the many harmful side effects that come along with smoking cigarettes. There is no doubt that cigarette smoking can be extremely detrimental to your health if you continue doing it over a long period of time.

In conclusion, there are many reasons why people continue smoking even though they know how bad it can be for them. Peer pressure is one of them and perhaps the most common reason. Another well-known cause is stress relief. Regardless of the cause, the negative effects are often deadly. Therefore, if you want to stay healthy and live a long life, do not smoke cigarettes! The government has a particularly important role in educating young people about smoking so that they will have all of their facts straight before they start experimenting with tobacco products. Do your part by sharing what you have learned today with your friends, family members, or anyone else who might need some help kicking their nicotine addiction.

Works Cited 

Gallucci, Giuseppina, et al. “Cardiovascular risk of smoking and benefits of smoking cessation.” Journal of thoracic disease 12.7 (2020): 3866.

Khan, Muhammad Saleem. “Relationship of smoking with alteration in body physiology.” Biomedical Letters 8.2 (2022): 177-183.



Example Cause and Effect Essay on Obesity

This sample essay focuses on the effect of obesity in America.

The writer chose this topic because they found it interesting how high levels of obesity have risen among children, teenagers, and adults over the last few decades, especially in comparison with other developed countries. The essay adheres to the APA format for cause-and-effect. 

“If the childhood obesity epidemic remains unchecked, it will condemn many of our kids to shorter lives, as well as the emotional and financial burdens of poor health.” (Carmona, 2022) This quote by Richard Carmona, MD, Surgeon General of the United States, summarizes how serious the effects are for those who become obese. Obesity can lead to a plethora of diseases that shorten lifespans and affect the quality of life, such as heart disease and diabetes. In addition to these physical ramifications, those who are obese also risk experiencing psychological consequences such as depression or low self-esteem. The causes of obesity vary from individual to individual; some people simply cannot stop eating even when they are full, while others eat too much due to boredom or stress. Other factors leading to obesity include genetics and the environment in which one lives (for example, fast food restaurants). There is no single cause of obesity; rather there are multiple factors that contribute to its development within each person’s body.

Causes of Obesity 

Stress is one of the main contributors to obesity in America. The National Institute of Mental Health reports that stress can cause overeating or unhealthy weight control behaviors like binging or purging. It has been estimated that at least 60% of Americans report feeling stressed out at least once per week, and more than half say their stress levels increased over the past year (Crow et al., 2019). One study showed that a woman’s level of cortisol increases by 27% after watching an episode of her favorite TV show (Legro et al., 2022)! Due to the increased stress, most people resort to consuming comfort foods such as pizza, chips, and cookies in order to release endorphins and feel better about themselves. These sugary foods only worsen mood swings caused by stress, causing feelings of guilt when dieting or following a healthy lifestyle. It becomes harder for people to resist temptation during times of extreme stress because their willpower is sapped.

Another contributing factor to obesity is exposure to television advertising. Children are particularly susceptible to advertising campaigns that encourage them to consume fast food and sodas while discouraging them from eating vegetables and drinking water. Even if a child does not actually watch TV, he may still be exposed to advertisements on social media sites or when shopping with his parents. Research has shown that when a girl sees a picture of herself next to a picture of a thin model, she is likely to increase the amount of food she eats. Some studies even suggest that just seeing images of food in general leads people to eat more. This suggests that limiting access to these types of images could help people avoid unnecessary weight gain(Legro et al., 2022). The obesity rate would most likely decrease if people were not exposed to advertisements for high-calorie foods. In addition, one study found that rates of obesity were higher in states where fast-food restaurants were more prevalent, demonstrating a correlation between increased exposure to fast-food chains and weight gain.

There is evidence to suggest that genetics can also cause obesity. It is known that at least 50% of the chance of becoming obese is determined by genetics Loos & Yeo, 2022). The genetics of obesity: from discovery to biology. Nature Reviews Genetics, 23(2), 120-133.. This means that if one of your parents or siblings is obese, you are more likely to be obese as well. For instance, if both of a family’s parents are obese and their children grow up in the same household, they are at increased risk for being overweight as compared to their peers who grow up with non-obese parents. However, genetics do not dictate one’s fate: people can reduce their risk of obesity by maintaining a healthy lifestyle that includes regular exercise and eating well-balanced meals. Furthermore, obesity is sometimes linked to hormonal imbalances such as hypothyroidism or Cushing’s syndrome. When the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones, metabolism slows down and weight gain is common. Cushing’s syndrome is another condition that affects hormones, specifically corticosteroids produced in the adrenal gland.

Effects of Obesity

The effects of obesity are more far-reaching than previously thought. Obesity can affect the quality of one’s life, mental and physical health, and the lives of those around them. Heart-related disease, diabetes, and a reduced lifespan are all associated with obesity. All three of these diseases have seen a significant increase in prevalence in recent years, which is partially attributed to the increase in obesity. Obese individuals are at a much higher risk for developing heart disease than their thinner counterparts. In one study, it was found that obese individuals were 2-4 times more likely to die from heart disease as compared to people of normal weight. Those that are obese are more likely to develop type-2 diabetes, a disease that is closely correlated with weight gain. Type-2 diabetes can lead to long-term complications such as kidney failure and blindness. Obese people also have a shorter life expectancy than people of normal weight.

Obesity has numerous negative effects on society as well, such as higher healthcare costs. The United States spends $190 billion each year treating obesity-related conditions, and this number is expected to rise in the coming years. A recent analysis revealed that obesity in America is costing the country nearly $1 trillion per year, and reducing obesity rates would result in a huge reduction of this financial burden. Obese people often experience pain and discomfort as a result of their weight, which can negatively impact their quality of life. They are more likely to suffer from depression and low self-esteem because of the way other people treat them, and because obese people are often the targets of fat shaming and ridicule. People with obesity also face many limitations in terms of employment, due to height and weight restrictions. Additionally, there are many social consequences related to obesity including difficulty finding clothing that fits correctly and difficulty fitting into chairs or airplane seats. Obese people are at an increased risk of bullying and humiliation, and may even avoid going out in public for fear of attracting unwanted attention. Parents can feel ashamed about having an obese child, especially if others make fun of the child’s appearance or ask insensitive questions about the parent’s parenting skills. Overweight children are stigmatized by classmates and adults alike, which can lead to emotional problems that last throughout adulthood. Bullying, rejection, and lack of acceptance are all experienced by obese people. These experiences can lead to severe depression, body dysmorphia, and suicidal thoughts.


Obesity can have a major effect on a person’s life, as well as the lives of those around them. Individuals with obesity should try to eat a well-balanced diet and maintain an active lifestyle to reduce their risk of serious medical complications. If they have been diagnosed with obesity, they should consult their physician to discuss treatment options. Doctors could prescribe medications such as appetite suppressants or weight loss drugs, but they could also help the patient find a support group to provide moral support and encouragement. An individual’s physician may be able to refer them to a nutritionist who could help create an appropriate eating plan and exercise program geared towards their specific needs. There are many different types of obesity treatments, and a patient should talk to their doctor before deciding on a course of action. It’s important that an individual is aware of the risks and benefits associated with every option before making their decision. Obese people need to do what they can to improve their situation since obesity can have a major effect on the person’s life, as well as the lives of those around them.


Carmona, R. (2022). Top 10 Obesity Quotes. BrainyQuote. Retrieved 15 October 2022, from

Crow, R. S., Lohman, M. C., Titus, A. J., Cook, S. B., Bruce, M. L., Mackenzie, T. A., … & Batsis, J. A. (2019). Association of obesity and frailty in older adults: NHANES 1999–2004. The journal of nutrition, health & aging23(2), 138-144.

Legro, R. S., Hansen, K. R., Diamond, M. P., Steiner, A. Z., Coutifaris, C., Cedars, M. I., … & Zhang, H. (2022). Effects of preconception lifestyle intervention in infertile women with obesity: The FIT-PLESE randomized controlled trial. PLoS medicine19(1), e1003883.

Loos, R. J., & Yeo, G. S. (2022). The genetics of obesity: from discovery to biology. Nature Reviews Genetics23(2), 120-133.

Sample Cause and Effect Essay on Depression

A good cause-and-effect essay on depression should not ignore the resources available to the person with the disease.

The writer should mention what the person can do in order to find relief. For example, an individual who is depressed may not be eating right or sleeping enough. They need someone to tell them that they need to eat healthier food, drink more water, and get more sleep every night.

They may also have a hard time leaving their home because they are embarrassed about how they look. Here is an example of an A+ cause-and-effect essay on depression. All citations in the essay are in APA format

When most people hear the word depression, they think of sadness. Depression is much more than just feeling sad all the time; it’s a debilitating illness that changes your thoughts, feelings, physical health, behavior, and relationships. There are many causes for this type of disorder including genetics, substance abuse problems, life events like divorce or death of a loved one, and stressful periods at work. Depression occurs when there has been a significant change in brain chemicals. That’s why it often takes a long period of time for doctors to find the best treatment plan for each patient. In some cases, medication combined with psychotherapy helps immensely, but at other times patients benefit from simply taking better care of themselves physically and mentally through self-care activities such as meditation and exercise(Lam, 2018). Overall the causes of depression and the effects of depression can vary depending on the individual, which makes finding relief a difficult process.

One of the primary causes of depression is genetics. Individuals who have a family history of this type of mental illness might experience more frequent episodes throughout their lifetime because they’re biologically predisposed to it. Genetics is a multifaceted issue that researchers are still trying to completely understand, but it is thought that major depressive disorder could be caused by chemical imbalances in the brain due to genetic predispositions(Kendall-Tackett, 2016). It is unclear whether or not environmental factors like stress contribute to this imbalance, so research must continue before conclusive findings can be made.

Another possible cause of depression could be trauma from sexual abuse, violence, and abandonment. Regardless of whether these experiences happened during childhood or adulthood, they can lead to psychiatric disorders later in life. Trauma manifests itself differently in different people, leading to different types of disorders. Traumatic events can take many forms, and those who suffer from PTSD will exhibit symptoms similar to those who suffer from depression. Studies have shown that children and adults alike develop PTSD after traumatic events (although the severity of symptoms differs between age groups). Differentiating between depression and PTSD isn’t always easy because they share many similar traits. What sets the two apart is the duration of the symptoms. While PTSD usually lasts a few weeks or months, depression can last years. Sometimes depression goes hand in hand with anxiety and addiction, making it more complicated to diagnose and treat. It’s important that healthcare providers know that they may need to address more than one problem in order to make improvements (Paykel, 2022). If a doctor is only treating depression without any consideration of other issues, the condition will likely remain untreated or worsen over time.

Another cause of depression is substance abuse. People who use drugs or alcohol to cope with their emotions are susceptible to developing a dependence on substances. They need professional help in order to stop abusing substances and start learning healthy coping mechanisms. Addiction can also lead to withdrawal symptoms, like depression, which is a sign that the person needs help getting sober. Drug abuse can also lead to depression because the person may not be able to find relief from their cravings. They need professional help in order to overcome the addiction and learn healthy ways of managing their mood (Lam, 2018). Drug abuse due to loss can also lead to depression. Loss is a common trigger for depression, and studies show that people who lose a spouse, child, or parent are more likely to become depressed. These individuals are less likely to receive the social support needed to get through their grief because they already lost someone close to them and they don’t want others to worry about them too. The depression is a result of their grieving, and they may not even realize they are experiencing it. They need professional help to overcome the addiction and learn healthy ways of managing their mood(Lam, 2018). Drug abuse due to loss can also lead to depression. Loss is a common trigger for depression, and studies show that people who lose a spouse, child, or parent are more likely to become depressed.

The effects of depression vary depending on the person, but some symptoms include feelings of hopelessness, worthlessness, and guilt. This can lead to severe sleep deprivation, weight gain or weight loss, physical pain, and thoughts of suicide. Depression can also lead to alcoholism since the person is using it as a way to cope. Drugs are used in an attempt to self-medicate and escape the symptoms of depression, but they only serve to exacerbate the symptoms. In the worst-case scenario, depression can lead to suicide. Suicide is the ultimate form of self-harm and in most cases, the person has been suffering from depression for a long period of time (Kendall-Tackett, 2016). This is a devastating loss for all involved and it can lead to intense guilt in survivors. It is essential that survivors seek professional help in order to process their grief and heal from the loss of their loved ones. They need professional help in order to overcome the addiction and learn healthy ways of managing their mood. Drug abuse due to loss can also lead to depression.

In conclusion, depression affects people from all walks of life and can manifest itself in various ways. Some causes of depression are unknown, while others have identifiable triggers. It’s crucial to identify the cause so that appropriate treatment can be sought. No matter what the reason for depression is, there are resources available to help with this debilitating disorder. There are many professionals who specialize in treating mental health disorders such as therapists, psychiatrists, psychologists, and social workers. There are several different types of therapy available including cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and dialectical behavior therapy (DBT). If you think you might be suffering from depression or know someone who is struggling with this disorder please reach out for assistance today.


Kendall-Tackett, K. (2016). Depression in new mothers: Causes, consequences and treatment alternatives. Routledge.

Lam, R. W. (2018). Depression. Oxford University Press.

Paykel, E. S. (2022). Basic concepts of depression. Dialogues in clinical neuroscience.

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