Gun Ownership’s Effects on Public Safety | Sample Gun Control Essay


The issue of gun ownership has been a hot topic in many countries, including the United States. Supporters of gun ownership argue that it is a fundamental right protected by the Second Amendment, while opponents claim that gun ownership leads to increased violence and reduced public safety. This essay will examine the effects of gun ownership on public safety and provide evidence to support both arguments.

Firstly, gun ownership has been linked to increased violence in many studies. A study by the Harvard School of Public Health found that firearm ownership was strongly associated with firearm homicide rates in the United States. The study also found that states with higher levels of gun ownership had higher rates of firearm homicide, indicating a positive correlation between gun ownership and gun violence (Miller et al., 2007).

Moreover, research by Kalesan et al. (2016) showed that states with higher levels of gun ownership had higher rates of gun-related deaths, including homicides, suicides, and accidental shootings. The study concluded that reducing gun ownership could be an effective way to decrease gun-related deaths.

On the other hand, supporters of gun ownership argue that owning a gun can increase public safety by deterring criminals. A study by Kleck and Gertz (1995) found that guns are used by law-abiding citizens to defend themselves against criminals more frequently than guns are used by criminals to commit crimes. The study concluded that gun ownership may actually decrease crime rates by making potential victims less vulnerable.

Additionally, some researchers have argued that gun ownership can have a positive effect on public safety by allowing citizens to defend themselves against violent attackers. For example, Lott and Mustard (1997) found that allowing citizens to carry concealed weapons reduces violent crime rates, as potential attackers are deterred by the possibility of being confronted by an armed victim.

In conclusion, gun ownership has both positive and negative effects on public safety. While gun ownership can increase violence and gun-related deaths, it may also deter criminals and enable citizens to defend themselves against attackers. Ultimately, policymakers must weigh these factors carefully when considering gun control measures to ensure that public safety is protected while respecting individual rights.


Kalesan, B., Mobily, M. E., Keiser, O., Fagan, J. A., & Galea, S. (2016). Firearm legislation and firearm mortality in the USA: a cross-sectional, state-level study. The Lancet, 387(10030), 1847-1855.

Kleck, G., & Gertz, M. (1995). Armed resistance to crime: The prevalence and nature of self-defense with a gun. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 86, 150.

Lott, J. R., & Mustard, D. B. (1997). Crime, deterrence, and right-to-carry concealed handguns. Journal of Legal Studies, 26(1), 1-68.

Miller, M., Azrael, D., & Hemenway, D. (2007). Firearms and violence death in the United States: Gun ownership, firearm homicides, and the firearms industry. Journal of Public Health Policy, 28(4), 381-403.

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