Politics Cause and Effect Essay Sample


Voting is a fundamental right that allows citizens to choose their leaders and shape the future of their nation. However, in recent years, voter suppression has become a growing concern in the United States. Voter suppression is the deliberate effort to prevent eligible voters from casting their ballots or making it harder for them to do so. It takes many forms, including strict voter identification laws, polling place closures, and gerrymandering. This essay will explore the causes of voter suppression and its impact on democracy.

One of the leading causes of voter suppression is political self-interest. Many politicians fear that a high voter turnout could hurt their chances of winning an election. To counter this, they employ voter suppression tactics to prevent certain groups of people from voting. For example, strict voter identification laws, such as requiring a photo ID to vote, disproportionately affect low-income and minority voters who may not have the necessary documents or means to obtain them. This is because these groups are more likely to face systemic barriers to obtaining government-issued identification, such as a lack of transportation, funds, or access to government offices.

Another cause of voter suppression is gerrymandering. Gerrymandering is the practice of manipulating the boundaries of electoral districts to give one party an advantage over the other. This means that the party in power can draw district lines in a way that dilutes the voting power of certain groups, such as minorities or opposing political parties. For example, in the 2018 midterm elections, a federal court ruled that the North Carolina General Assembly had engaged in unconstitutional gerrymandering to benefit Republican candidates.

A third cause of voter suppression is the closure of polling places. Polling place closures occur when the government reduces the number of polling places in a particular area, making it harder for voters to cast their ballots. This is especially true in rural areas or areas with a high concentration of minority voters, where voters may have to travel long distances to reach the nearest polling station. In Georgia, for example, a recent report found that the state closed over 200 polling places in predominantly minority areas, leading to long lines and wait times.

The impact of voter suppression on democracy is significant. It undermines the principles of democracy, which require that every eligible citizen has equal access to the ballot box. Voter suppression creates a system where certain groups have a more significant say in the outcome of elections than others. This erodes public trust in the democratic process and makes it harder for citizens to hold their leaders accountable. Furthermore, voter suppression leads to a lack of diversity among elected officials, as candidates who appeal to marginalized groups are less likely to win.

In conclusion, voter suppression is a growing threat to democracy in the United States. Its causes are diverse, including political self-interest, gerrymandering, and the closure of polling places. Voter suppression harms democracy by reducing access to the ballot box and eroding public trust in the democratic process. To combat voter suppression, we must work to ensure that every eligible citizen has equal access to the ballot box. This includes efforts to increase voter turnout, protect voting rights, and reform electoral systems to reduce the influence of political self-interest. Only by doing so can we ensure that our democracy remains strong and vibrant.

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