Sample Essay About Environmental Issues

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The earth is facing a wide range of environmental challenges that are affecting both humans and the ecosystem. These challenges have been caused by a combination of factors including human activities such as deforestation, pollution, and climate change. Environmental issues are critical to the survival of the planet and its inhabitants, and there is a need for urgent action to address these challenges. This essay will explore some of the most pressing environmental issues and their impact on the planet.

Climate Change

Climate change is one of the most significant environmental issues facing the planet today. It refers to the long-term changes in weather patterns caused by human activities such as the burning of fossil fuels and deforestation. The impacts of climate change include rising sea levels, more frequent and severe weather events, and changes in precipitation patterns. These changes are already having a significant impact on the environment, including the loss of biodiversity, the degradation of ecosystems, and the displacement of human populations (UN, 2019). According to a report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), global temperatures have increased by 1.1 degrees Celsius since pre-industrial times, and this increase is projected to continue unless urgent action is taken. The report also highlights the need for immediate and rapid reduction of greenhouse gas emissions to limit the impacts of climate change (IPCC, 2021).


Deforestation is another significant environmental issue that is impacting the planet. It refers to the clearing of forests or trees to make way for agriculture, urbanization, and other human activities. Deforestation is causing the loss of biodiversity and wildlife habitat, soil erosion, and climate change (Lal, 2020). According to a study published in the journal Nature, deforestation accounts for around 10% of global greenhouse gas emissions. This is because trees absorb carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and store it in their biomass. When trees are cut down, the carbon they have absorbed is released back into the atmosphere, contributing to climate change.


Pollution is a major environmental issue that is affecting both the air and water quality. It refers to the release of harmful substances into the environment, including chemicals, plastics, and waste. Pollution is causing harm to human health, wildlife, and ecosystems. The World Health Organization reports that air pollution is responsible for an estimated 7 million premature deaths annually. This is due to the inhalation of harmful particles that can cause respiratory diseases and other health issues (WHO, 2018). Water pollution is also a significant concern, with plastic waste and other pollutants affecting marine life and water quality.

Biodiversity Loss

Biodiversity loss is another critical environmental issue facing the planet. It refers to the loss of species and the degradation of ecosystems. Biodiversity loss is caused by human activities such as deforestation, pollution, and climate change (Brondizio et al., 2019). The impacts of biodiversity loss include the loss of ecosystem services, such as clean water and air, and the loss of natural resources. According to a report by the United Nations, around one million species are at risk of extinction, and the rate of extinction is accelerating. This loss of biodiversity is a significant concern as it can have severe consequences for human health and well-being (UN, 2019).

Solutions to Environmental Issues

To address these environmental issues, there is a need for immediate and sustained action. This includes reducing greenhouse gas emissions, protecting forests and wildlife habitats, reducing pollution, and promoting sustainable development. Some of the solutions that can be implemented include (Harris et al., 2019):

  • Promoting renewable energy sources such as wind and solar power
  • Implementing sustainable agricultural practices to reduce deforestation
  • Reducing plastic waste and other pollutants through recycling and waste reduction programs
  • Protecting marine and terrestrial ecosystems through conservation efforts


Environmental issues are a critical concern for the planet and its inhabitants. Climate change, deforestation, pollution, and biodiversity loss are some of the most pressing issues facing the planet today. These issues are interrelated and require a holistic approach to address them. Urgent action is needed to mitigate the impacts of these issues and promote sustainable development.

The scientific community has been warning about the consequences of environmental degradation for decades. However, despite these warnings, progress has been slow in addressing these issues. It is essential that governments, industries, and individuals take responsibility and act together to address these issues and promote sustainable development.

In conclusion, the environment is facing a wide range of challenges, and urgent action is needed to mitigate the impacts of these challenges. The solutions to these challenges require a collective effort from individuals, governments, and industries. By working together and implementing sustainable practices, we can promote a healthier planet and secure a better future for generations to come.

  1. IPCC. (2021). Climate Change 2021: The Physical Science Basis. Contribution of Working Group I to the Sixth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
  2. Harris, N., Brown, M., & Hagen, S. (2019). The global impacts of deforestation. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1430(1), 16-33.
  3. WHO. (2018). Ambient air pollution: Health impacts.
  4. United Nations. (2019). Global assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services.
  5. Brondizio, E. S., Settele, J., Díaz, S., & Ngo, H. T. (2019). Global assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services of the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services. Cambridge University Press.
  6. Lal, R. (2020). Soil degradation as a reason for inadequate human nutrition. Food Security, 12(1), 1-10.
  7. Ellingson, L. J., Peterson, R. K., Peterson, T. R., & Krueger, R. (2018). Plastic pollution in the marine and aquatic environment. Journal of Integrated Pest Management, 9(1), 1-9.
  8. Kremen, C., & Merenlender, A. M. (2018). Landscapes that work for biodiversity and people. Science, 362(6412), eaau6020.

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